In the last blog post we learned about different fine art mediums. Today we want to take a closer look at texture and explore the different ways artists use texture to emphasize aspects of their work. As we learned last week, medium is not texture. Unlike medium, texture is the perceived surface quality of a work of art. It refers to the tactile qualities of a work and has elements of two-dimensional or three-dimensional designs. Texture is distinguished by its perceived visual and physical properties. Therefore, medium can contribute to the texture of an artwork but texture does not influence the medium of the artwork.
Physical vs. Visual Texture
Physical texture differs from visual texture by having a physical quality that can be felt by touching the surface of the artwork. Visual texture is the illusion of having physical texture. Some materials are perceived as smoother or rougher than others and can influence the outcome of the artwork. Artists take into consideration both physical and visual texture in order to give a sense of personality or character to their design. Repetition of shape and line and elements of the surface (canvas, metal, glass, wood grain, etc) all effect the perceived rhythm, contrast, or tactile quality of the work of art – also known as texture. Lets look at a few examples from some of ANFA’s artists.
Acrylic and watercolor are Vesela Baker’s, a full time artist based in Chatanooga, TN, art medium’s of choice. On many of her acrylic and watercolor paintings, Vesela applies a thick coat of resin over her different landscape paintings. The end result creates a texture that appears glossy, thick, shiny, and clear as seen in her works below.
Mossy Creek, 36×48
Summer’s End, 60×48
Troy Dugas, an artist based in Louisiana, creates collages made from shredded, vintage product labels. He cuts and arranges the labels onto flat surfaces, usually paper, canvas, or wood, to create texture that appears woven. Repetition, pattern, precision, and scale all influence the perceived texture and distract the eye from seeing the original product label.
Still Life, 48×36
David Burdeny, an award winning photographer based in Canada, translates his appreciation for travel, structure, and space into photographic observations of the sublime. His sparse landscapes are characterized by an aerial perspective that renders pattern and repetition within his captured details. He uses an aluminum composite panel and lustre laminate when printing his photographs to emphasize the smooth and sleek texture of the landscape that is perceived to continue off the surface of the work.
Tulips 02, 32×23
Saltern Study 06, 32×32
Kinuko Hoffman has lived in countries across Asia while studying traditional Chinese brush painting before she moved to New York City to study at the National Academy School of Fine Arts and explore painting in oil. Her training has led her to create mixed media assemblages full of texture, depth, and contrast. She experiments with different materials such as pumice, paper, wood, string, and cloth, adding and taking away elements from the canvas until her finished work emerges. The assemblage of raw materials and limited color palette of bold tones creates varied texture within each abstract painting.
Distinct Path, 50×40
As with all things, the computer screen can distort images especially when it comes to color and texture. Stop by Anne Neilson Fine Art to check out different textures for yourself!